Groups – General Studies – Test1

Welcome to your General Studies Test-1

1) In the structure of planet Earth, below the mantle, the core is mainly made up of which one of the following?
2) Consider the following statements
1.The light sandy red and yellow soils in Balaghat, Durg and Raipur districts are of alluvial origin.
2.In Tamil Nadu, the red soils occupy over two-thirds of its total area.
3.The red soils of Burdwan, Birbhum and Bankura are derived and transported from Chhotanagpur plateau.
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?
3) In India, the ‘effective literacy rates’ are calculated from
4) A person stood alone in a desert on a dark night and wanted to reach his village, which was situated 5 km East of the point where he was standing. He had no instruments to find the direction, but he located the polesta- The most convenient way now to reach his village is to walk in the
5) The Gulf of Mannar is situated along the coasts of
6) The Palk Strait lies between
7) Acid rain is caused by the pollution of environment by
8) Satellites used for telecommunication relay are kept in a geostationary orbit. A satellite is said to be in such an orbit when
1.the orbit is geosynchronous         2. the orbit is circular     3.  the orbit lies in the plane of the Earth’s equator     4. the orbit is at an altitude of 22236 km
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
9) A nautical mile is equal to
10) Which one of the following is a wild life sanctuary?
11) Which scale is used to measure the magnitude of earthquake?
12) Which among the following areas is conducive for well irrigation?
13) Which one among the following cities never get the vertical rays of the Sun all through the year ?
14) In the Interior of the Earth
15) Soil water available to plants is maximum in
16) Kanha National Park belongs to which one among the following biogeographical areas in the world?
17) Consider the following countries
1.Australia    2.Namibia     3.Brazil    4.Chile
Through which of the above does the Tropic of Capricorn pass?
18) Consider the following statements about black soil of India
1.Black soil becomes sticky when it is wet.
2.Black soil contains adequate nitrogen as well as phosphorus required for the growth of plants.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
19) Generally, the soil of the Northern plains of India has been formed by
20) Global warming is expected to result in
21) Following are the characteristics of an ‘   area in India
1.Hot and humid climate. 2. Annual rainfall 200 cm.
2.Hill slopes up to an altitude of 1100 metres. 4. Annual range of temperature 15°C to 30°C.
Which one among the following crops are you most likely to find in the area described above?
22) River Indus originates from
23) Which one of the four regions above Earth has smallest height (km)?
24) Which racial group has the largest number of members?
25) When you travel in certain parts of India, you will notice red soil. What is the main reason for this colour?
26) Consider the following statements
1.Clean Development Mechanism (COM) did not allows for company projects in developing countries, with no mandated emission reduction targets, to trade in Certified Emission Reduction (CER) with the countries that having such targets.
2.One Certified Emission Reduction (CER) is equivalent to a reduction of ten tonne of carbon.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
27) Salinisation occurs when the irrigation water accumulated in the soil evaporates, leaving behind salts and minerals. What are the effects of salinization on the irrigated land?
28) Match the following
List I                           List II
(Tribe)                      (Region)
A. Bhil                       1. Terai
B. Tharu                    2. Nilgiri
C. Gond                    3. Bastar
D. Toda                     4. Malwa
29) Which of the following can be found as pollutants in the drinking water in some parts of India?
1.Arsenic      2.Sorbitol        3.Fluoride         4.Formaldehyde          5.Uranium
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
30) Which one of the following is a warm ocean current?
31) When the winds blow from all sides to the centre low in an anti-clockwise direction, then this phenomenon is known as
32) Consider the following animals
1.Sea cow
2.Sea horse
3.Sea lion
Which of the above is/are mammal/ mammals?
33) Which parts of the Earth’s surface experience least variation in incoming solar radiation throughout the year?
34) Heavy   rainfall   during   the   months ‘    October and, November is received by
35) The river on which the reservoir for Indira Gandhi Canal has been built is
36) Consider the following statements
1.With 17% of the world’s population, India contributes only 4% of the total global greenhouse gas emission.
2.India’s C02emissions are approximately 1 tonne per annum as against a world average of 4.2 tonnes per annum.
3.India is one of the few developing countries in the world where the forest cover is increasing, despite the pressure of population growth and rapid economic development.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
37) With reference to the mineral sources of India, consider the following pairs
1.Copper :  Jharkhand
2.Nickel :  Odisha
3.Tungsten :  Kerala
Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?
38) Which among the following National Highway routes is the longest?
39) Energy that is produced commercially from coal is called
40) Capillaries are most effective in
41) Which among the following terms of utmost significance in the dynamics of resource management was coined in the ‘Brundtland Commjssion Report’?
42) Which of the following places is associated with copper mining?
43) Jhumming   is   a   shifting   agriculture practiced in
44) In which of the following states, is Child Sex Ratio as per the provisional results of the 201 1 Census, the lowest?
45) Ground water in the Bengal basin is mostly contaminated by
46) What is the difference between asteroids and comets?
1. Asteroids are small rocky planetoids, while comets are formed of frozen gases held together by rocky and metallic material.
2. Asteroids are found mostly between the orbits of Jupiter and Mars, while comets are found mostly between Venus and Mercury.
3. Comets show a perceptible glowing tail, while asteroids do not.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?
47) What soil particles are present in loamy soils?
48) Which one of the following is the longest National Highway in India?
49) Consider the following statements
1.MMTC Limited   is   India’s   largest international trading organization.
2.Neelanchal Ispat Nigam Limited has been set up by MMTC jointly with the Government of Odisha.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
50) A very big refugee camp called Dadaab, recently in the news, is located in
51) In a food chain, the solar energy utilised by plants is only
52) Social forestry is
53) Match List I with List II and select the correct answer
List I                                                                                                          List II
(Climatic Conditions)                                                                         (Reasons)
A. Chennai is warmer than Kolkata                                              1. North-East Monsoon
B.Snowfall in Himalayas                                                               2. Altitude
C. Rainfall decreases from Paschim Banga to Punjab                  3. Western depressions
D. Sutlej-Ganga Plain gets some rain in winter                            4. Distance from sea
.                                                                                                     5. Latitude
54) Consider the following statements
1.The Taxus tree naturally found in the Himalayas.
2.The Taxus tree is listed in the Red Data Book.
3.A drug called ‘taxor is obtained from Taxus tree   is   effective   against Parkinson’s disease.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
55) The high density of population in Nile Valley and Islands of Java is primarily due to
56) ‘Manchester’ of South India is
57) Consider the following crops of India
1.Cowpea
2.Green gram
3.Pigeon pea
Which of the above is/are used as pulse, fodder and green manure?
58) According to the census 2011, which one among the following Union Territories has the least population?
59) Anantapur district in Andhra Pradesh is famous for
60) Commercial sources of energy purely consist of
61) Currently half of the world’s population live in just 6 countries. Identify them from the following
62) The Varanasi Kanyakumari National Highway is called
63) If the soil pH 9.2, then the soil is
64) Cotton is facing competition from sugarcane in the region of the black soil in Maharashtra. This is due to
65) In the grassland, trees do not replace the grasses as a part of an ecological succession because of
66) What is the reason for the major hot deserts of the world lying in the Western part of the tropical latitude?
67) In the context of India’s Five Year Plan, a shift in the pattern of industrialization, with lower emphasis on heavy industries and more on infrastructure begins in
68) Consider the following statements
1.Pearl millet (Pennisetum typhoides) can be cultivated under hot-humid conditions only.
2.Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajari) can be cultivated both under hot humid and hot dry conditions.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
69) About one-third of India’s cattle population is found in three states. They are
70) The atmospheric layer closest to the Earth is
71) Which one of the following is the wettest place in India?
72) Which of the following measures are effective for soil conservation in India?
1.Avoiding crop rotation.      2. Afforestation.
3.Encouraging the use of chemical fertilizers.      4. Limiting shifting cultivation.
Select the correct answer from the codes given below
73) Which one of the following state has the longest coastline?
74) Man can maintain an ecological balance in the biosphere by
75) Earthquake is caused by
76) Which one of the following steel plants was started in 1965 in India with West German collaboration?
77) Consider the following statements
1.The boundaries of a National Park are defined by legislation.
2.A biosphere reserve is declared to conserve a few specific species of flora and fauna.
3.In a wildlife sanctuary, limited biotic interference is permitted.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
78) The current produced by upwelling of cold water off the coast of Chile and Peru is known as
79) The monster earthquake-cum-tsunami which hit Japan on 11th March, 2011 has moved the country’s main island, Honshu, by about
80) Consider the following statements
1.The duration    of   the    monsoon decreases from Southern India to Northern India.
2.The amount of annual rainfall in the Northern plains of India decreases from East to West.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
81) Which one of the following rivers of India does not make a delta?
82) Troposphere is the hottest part of the atmosphere because
83) Eco-Mark is given to an Indian product which is
84) Which one of the following statements is true about Tropopause?
85) In India, the ports are categorized as X major and non-major ports.
86) The highest coal-producing country in the world is
87) In which one of the following places is the Shompen tribe found?
88) Polar bears are carnivores and prey on many arctic birds and fish. However, under natural conditions, no one found polar bears predating any penguin. This is because
89) Which one of the following is the largest lagoon in India?
90) The concept of ‘carbon credit’ originated from which one of the following?
91) Elephant Pass, which is frequently in the news, is mentioned in the context of the affairs of which one of the following
92) The world’s most active volcano
93) Terrace farming is done
94) Of the following which one pollutes the air of a big city?
95) Which one among the following creeks is not associated with the state of Gujarat?
96) South-East Asia has captivated the attention of global community over space and time as a geostrategically significant region. Which among the following is the most convincing explanation for this global perspective?
97) Which  of the  following   is/are  cited by    the    scientists    as    evidence/ evidences for the continued expansion of universe?
1.Detection of microwaves in space. 2. Observation of red shift phenomenon in space.
2.Movement of asteroids in space. 4. Occurrence of supernova explosions in space.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
98) Which one among the following rivers does not flow into the Bay of Bengal ?
99) The literacy rate during census 2001-11 has been recorded at
100) Microbial fuel cells are considered a source of sustainable energy. Why ?
1.They use living organisms as catalysts to generate electricity from certain substrates.
2.They use a variety of inorganic materials as substrates.
3.They can be installed in waste water treatment plants to cleanse water and produce electricity.
Which of the statements given above is / are correct?
101) On 3rd December, 1984, due to leakage of a poisonous gas from the Union Carbide factory in Bhopal, thousands of people died. The poisonous gas responsible for this was
102) Madhya Pradesh is the largest producer of
103) Which of the following statements regarding ozone layer within the atmosphere is/are correct?
1.It absorbs most of the  ultraviolet radiation found in the Sun’s rays.
2.Chlorofluorocarbons are     serious threat to the ozone layer.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
104) Child Sex Ratio as per the provisional results of the 2011 Census, in India is
105) ‘Yellow Revolution’ is associated with the production of
106) Which one of the following is the first National Park established in India?
107) Which of the following are cold ocean currents?
1.Humbolt current   2. Brazil current        3. Oyasiwo current   4. Canary current
Select the correct answer from the codes given below
108) Which one among the following is a
109) The largest ecosystem of the Earth is
110) With which one of the following mountain tribes did the British first come into contact, after the grant of Diwani in the year 1765?
111) Which one of the following pairs of oceans and currents is not correctly matched?
112) Consider the following statements
1.In the world, the tropical deserts occur along the Western margins of continents within the trade wind belt.
2.In India, the East Himalayan region gets high rainfall from North-East winds.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
113) 90% coal of India is found in
114) Why South-East Asia has the largest concentration of peasant population at the global scale?
115) Ozone layer above the surface of Earth provides a shield against
116) Heavy   metal   pollution   of  water   is caused by
117) Which one of the following strongly threatens biodiversity?
118) Which is the second most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust?
119) Which one of the following oil fields of India is the oldest and still producing oil? [CDS 2009]
120) There are 12 major ports in India and Port Trust Boards have been setup for the administration, control and management of 11 of these 12 ports. Which one of the following major ports has been incorporated as a company under the Indian Companies Act, 1956 and not administered by a Port Trust Board?
121) Match List I (River) with List II (Town) and select the correct answer using the codes given below
List I                                List II
(Rivers)                          (Towns)
A.Gomti                       1. Guwahati
B.Brahmaputra           2. Rajahmundry
C.Godavari                  3. Tiruchirapalli
D.Cauvery                   4. Lucknow
122) Ozone layer in the outer atmosphere helps us in
123) The oldest type of energy known to man is
124) The Narmada river flows to the West, while most other large peninsular rivers flow to the East. Why?
1.It occupies a linear Rift valley.      2.It flows between the Vindhyas and the Satpuras.     3.The land slopes to the West from Central India.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
125) Consider   the   following   agricultural practices
1.Contour bunding
2.Relay cropping
3.Zero tillage
In the context of global climate change, which of the above help/helps in carbon seques-tration/storage in the soil?
126) What happens to the soil, where soil water freezes and it tends to form ice layers parallel with the ground surface?
127) Consider the following statements
1.The United Nation’ Conservation to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is one of the Copenhagen Conventions that focuses on Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought (DLDD).
2.‘Desertification’ as defined in the UNCCD refers to land degradation in the drylands (arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid regions) resulting from various factors and does not connote spread or expansion of deserts.
Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?
128) El Nino current appears along the coast of which one of the following?
129) Which state in India has the world’s largest deposit of ‘thorium’?
130) Which of the following is/are not fresh water lakes?
1.WularLake            2. Dal Lake                         3. Sambar Lake             4. Lonar Lake
Choose  the   right  answer from  the options given below
131) Which one of the following plants have nitrogen-fixing capacity?
132) Which one of the following is the correct sequence of ecosystems in the order of decreasing productivity?
133) In India, which type of forest among the following occupies the largest area?
134) Nearly 30% of the solar radiations return back to the space without contributing anything to the Earth’s surface temperature. This amount of radiation is known as
135) Which one of the following is the country’s administrative capital/new federal administrative centre of Malaysia?
136) Which one of the following is not a part of India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)?
137) The largest Union Territory of India is
138) Maximum number of sugar factories are located in
139) Consider the following specific stages of demographic transition associated with economic development
1.Low birthrate with low death rate.
2.High birthrate with high death rate.
3.High birthrate with low death rate.
Select the correct order of the above stages using the codes given below
140) Which of the following is not a metallic mineral?
141) In which one of the following states has India’s largest private sector sea port been commissioned recently?
142) Which of the following is/are the characteristic/ characteristics of Indian coal?
1.High ash content      2.Low sulphur content     3.Low ash fusion temperature
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
143) Which four countries are called the Asian Tigers?
144) Consider the following statements
1.Eluviation - A horizon        2.Illuviation - B horizon
Which of the above statements is/are true?
145) Which among the following has the world’s largest reserves of uranium?
146) Which one of the following sequences of the oil refineries of India as they occur from South to North is correct?
147) Which one of the following is known as the ‘Pearl City’?
148) In which of the following states is lion-tailed macaque found in its natural habitat?
1.Tamil Nadu        2. Kerala                 3. Karnataka                  4. Andhra Pradesh
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
149) With reference to the usefulness of the by products of sugar industry, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1.Bagasse can be used as biomass fuel for the generation of energy.
2.Molasses can be used as one of the feedstocks for the production of synthetic chemical fertilizers.
3.Molasses can   be   used   for   the production of ethanol.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below
150) The Western coasts of India receive very high rainfall in summer mainly due to


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